HTML, or Hypertext Markup Link, is a standard programming language that is used to create web pages. Everything we see on a website – the content, font, color, graphic, and hyperlink – is decided by HTML.
HTML5 is a new concept which more and more web developers are using today; many simply consider it an extension of HTML4+, or HTML4. However, HTML5 has potential that extends beyond being an upgrade to previous versions of this language.
Though it’s a new concept, many experts believe that HTML5 fulfills the vision of what this language was meant to be or was created for. Once you get familiar with it and understand its scope, the way you approach coding and web applications will change forever with HTML5.
In the previous versions of HTML,proprietary APIs and plugins were needed to load certain content on the page. You were unable to view flash content on your browsers, which was way too common. But HTML5 has removed the annoying need for plugins. The common interface of HTML, makes the elements load easily and run by themselves.
Listed here are some of the new features of HTML5:
HTML5 helps create accessible sites easily for two main reasons: semantics and ARIA. The new HTML headings like <header>, <footer>, <nav>, <section>, <aside>, etc. allow screen readers to easily access content. Before, your screen readers had no way to determine what a given <div> was even if you assigned it an ID or Class. With new semantic tags, it got better to examine the HTML document and create a better experience for those who use them. Apart from making the content more meaningful, it provides contextual information to search engines. This way it’s lot easier to index content and search engines can display results that are more relevant to the user.
2. Built-in Audio-Video Playback
Previously, in order to play audio-video files, webmasters had to depend on third-party plugins, like Quicktime, Silverlight, and Adobe Flash Player. The whole process was ridden with errors and users were required to constantly update the latest version of these plugins.
HTML5 has completely simplified things by offering a complete support for audio and video files.
3. Cleaner Code
Earlier, HTML coding was extremely messy. Even to make simple changes to a website was not short of a nightmare as coders would have long pages of code to scroll through. HTML5 comes as a breath of fresh air. The code is clean and a lot easier to read. On top of that, it’s also optimized for search engines. The easy readability factor promotes better understanding of the site’s content. This in turn, boosts your chances of getting higher rankings.
4. Cross Browser Compatibility & Offline Caching
Few years back you might have encountered a problem where a website which loaded on one browser, failed to do so in another. HTML5 has reduced these hurdles. Now, whether you use Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Opera, or Safari,or any other browser, the site just works fine.
Also, HTML5 facilitates offline caching. Regardless of whether you have an active internet connection or not, certain pages of the website will load, as long as the user has visited the page sometime in the past. Offline caching will allow you to load the most important elements of a site, even if your net connection goes down. That’s the beauty of HTML5!
5. Optimizes Content for Mobile
Earlier you had trouble accessing websites on mobiles and smartphones.But those days are past. Sites built on HTML5 can be viewed and used intelligently across a wide range of devices. With the advent of responsive design, tablets, phablets, and smartphones are no longer thought as problem kids. They are now considered with respect, ever since HTML5 helped interconnect all kinds of devices.
6. Game Development
You can develop games using HTML5’s <canvas> tag. It provides a great platform for developing mobile friendly fun, interactive games. If you’ve built Flash games before, you will love to build HTML5 games.
It’s the Future, Get With It!
Featured Image Source: Pixabay